Armenian carpet-making

Event or Heritage: 
Heritage
Armenia was one of the main cradles of carpet-making. The famous Pazyryk carpet, dated from the 5th to the 3rd century B.C., which was discovered in a frozen tomb in Siberia and now is preserved at Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg is considered by many experts of Caucasian, specifically Armenian, origin. Marco Polo and Herodotus are among the many observers and historians who recognized the beauty of Armenian rugs. It is also theorized that the word “carpet”, which Europeans used to refer to oriental rugs, is derived from the Armenian word “kapert”, meaning woven cloth. Also, according to Arabic historical sources, the Middle Eastern word for rug, “khali” or “gali”, is an abbreviation of “Kalikala”, the Arabic name of the Armenian city Karnay Kaghak. The city, strategically located on the route to the Black Sea port of Trabizond between Persia and Europe, was famous for its Armenian rugs which were prized by the Arabs. As described by Arthur T. Gregorian who is considered to be the world's leading collector of rare, inscribed Armenian rugs “Armenian rugs are woven firmly with the nap clipped very low, making the rugs supple and soft. A great preference is shown for delicate shades of soft blue, touches of green, coral, old gold and tans. All the patterns are in either natural brown or wool dyed to this shade.”
Type of heritage: 
Intangible (traditions, celebrations, festivals, storytelling, gastronomy, carnivals, markets)
Silk road connection: 
Carpet making
Name of the Organization: 
The Republic of Armenia, Ministry of Culture
Type of the Organizer: 
Government
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Location

Armenia
Armenia
40° 9' 44.6796" N, 44° 30' 20.214" E